A. The International Committee of the Red Cross was founded in 1863 but draws it primary mandate from the Geneva Conventions from 1949, from the ICRC ‘who we are’ statement:
The work of the ICRC is based on the Geneva Conventions of 1949, their Additional Protocols, its Statutes those of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and the resolutions of the International Conferences of the Red Cross and Red Crescent. The ICRC is an independent, neutral organization ensuring humanitarian protection and assistance for victims of war and armed violence. It takes action in response to emergencies and promotes respect for international humanitarian law and its implementation in national law.
 International Committee of the Red Cross. Our mandate & mission. Who We Are. International Committee of the Red Cross, July 2012. Web. 8 July 2016. ‹https://www.icrc.org/en/who-we-are›
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