Harvested brains used to research diseases, prevention of dementia

While it may sound bizarre, the Florida Brain Bank is working with donated brains to break through the mysteries of the mind.

From mad scientists to creepy creatures, harvesting brains has been part of spine-tingling storylines.

But in the laboratory at the University of Florida in Gainesville, modern-day research involving real human brains is not frightening, it's fascinating.

"The idea is that these brains will be used by researchers to study neurodegenerative diseases," Dr. Anthony Yachnis said.

The specimens donated to the Forida Brain Bank are stored in a formaldehyde-type fluid to preserve them for pathologists to study.

"Literally, I'm surrounded by them," Yachnis said. "There's brains on the walls, on shelves, about 115 (to) 120 in this room, physically."

One of the brains came from Arlene Lakin's late husband, Cliff, who died last year from a form of dementia.

"I wanted to do it for you and me and everyone else out there who is susceptible to developing some type of dementia, and they need the brains to do it," Arlene Lakin said.

But brain donation doesn't just happen by checking the organ donor option on your drivers license. It's more complicated than that.

Mt. Sinai neurologist Dr. Ranjan Duara said the necessary consents and medical records take time to collect.

"Typically, it's months or a couple of years before the individual passes away," Duara said. "We sometimes get calls right before they are about to die. It makes it a little difficult for us to put everything into place, but we do it."

Family members are reassured that removing the brain does not distort the donor's facial features.

"When the individual passes away, you need to freeze the skull to keep the brain from atrophying quicker," Lakin said.

Researchers at the Brain Bank can then identify the exact cause of death.

"More and more, we're seeing that families really want to know what was going on in the brain of their loved one," Yachnis said.

"And as we go along, we could manipulate genes to prevent people from getting the disease," Duara said. "It sounds a little 'science-fiction-y' right now, but it's something that in the future could be done."

The work at the Brain Bank could ultimately lead to treatments to prevent or even reverse various forms of dementia.

This BBSNews article was syndicated from News | WPLG, and written by News | WPLG. Read the original article here.