Doctors urge caution when using Xanax

If you're feeling anxious, uneasy, fearful and worried, you're not alone. It seems America is becoming a nation on edge, and many are seeking solace in a potentially deadly drug: Xanax.

After decades of increasing demand for antidepressants, more and more Americans are now looking for a different feel-good pill to pop.

"There are now 50 million prescriptions written by doctors for Xanax, more than one every second," Dr. Daniel Bober said.

Bober, a psychologist, said our 24/7 society may be driving the desire to zone out with the drug.

"We're always looking for something to lighten the burden of our existence," he said.

When Xanax was released more than 30 years ago for panic disorder, it quickly became a blockbuster drug.

"In the right setting, it's an amazing drug and it's changed the life of people who couldn't function, couldn't leave their house, so there's definitely a need for that drug, but it's a double-edged sword," Dr. Boaz Rosenblat said.

The downside of Xanax is that is has a very high potential for dependence and abuse.

"Why Xanax is so addictive is it has a very rapid onset of action and a short duration of action, which means it requires the person to use more and more of it to achieve the desired effect," Bober said.

Visits to emergency rooms due to the abuse of Xanax have more than doubled, and fatal overdoses account for a third of all deaths from prescription medications.

"If you take too much, the part that makes you relax can make you so relaxed to the point where you stop breathing," Rosenblat said.

Rosenblat, who works with Memorial Healthcare, said withdrawals from the drug can be equally dangerous.

"Just the other night, I had a patient who came in. Her heart rate was 180," he said. "She was in such distress and she had stopped both alcohol and her Xanax at the same time."

Withdrawal can cause flushing, elevated heart rate and extreme anxiety to the point of causing a seizure.

"It's one of the drugs that can be very dangerous if it's stopped abruptly, and the tolerance to it, or the dependence on it, can develop in a matter of days," Bober said.

A woman who asked not to be identified said she occasionally takes the drug for panic attacks, but she is cautious about the risks.

"I think that if people misuse it, it can be a very dangerous drug, especially if you mix it with alcohol or take more than you're supposed to," she said.

Xanax is meant to be used only sporadically and for short periods of time, but critics said many doctors are prescribing it regularly and for years at a time.

Mental health experts said non-drug approaches -- such at rational behavioral therapy, or RBT -- are equally, if not more, effective than anti-anxiety drugs, without the risk of addiction or death.

This BBSNews article was syndicated from News | WPLG, and written by News | WPLG. Read the original article here.